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8 Steps To Performing A Cyber Security Risk Assessment

Managing cyber-security is essential for all businesses operating in the modern world.

Cyber threats continue to get increasingly potent and highly advanced day-by-day, and an internal risk assessment is the only way to protect your organization against potential data leaks, identity theft, loss of sensitive information, or worse, a total breach of network security.

8 Steps To Performing A Cyber Security Risk Assessment

A security threat and risk assessment can be performed on any application, server, network, or process within your organization. The primary goal of this assessment is to figure out where the vulnerabilities lie, identify possible loopholes in the system, and eventually implement measures that sure up a business’ defenses against cyber-criminals.

The process is performed in 8 simple steps:

1. Identification and prioritization of assets

A company’s assets will include everything from sensitive customer data to the trade secrets, and it’s vital that this information gets prioritized with all organizational needs in mind.

Remember: you likely won’t have the time or the budget to assess everything. Consult with all employees at your company, and draw up a priority list of the assets that are more valuable for the business and require extra attention.

We recommend working systematically through all the data and classifying assets based on a 1-5 rating, where 1 would be public information such as marketing campaigns, published financial reports, etc., and 5 is classified internal files like customer’s financial details, trade secrets, and more.

2. Threat identification

While hackers and malware initially come to mind, there are plenty of other threats that could breach through networks and cause harm to your organization. These include:

  • Unauthorized access to confidential data, both malicious and accidental
  • Intentional misuse of company resources or information by an authorized employee
  • Data leakage, but malicious and accidental
  • Loss of information due to poor backup processes
  • Total system failure
  • DDOS attacks

3. Detection of vulnerabilities

Vulnerabilities are loopholes or weaknesses in the network security infrastructure that can be exploited by a hacker to gain access to sensitive data. They’re identified through a thorough vulnerability assessment and penetration testing (VAPT).

The VAPT aims to exploit loopholes in the network security in much the same way as a hacker would, albeit in a more controlled, safer environment. The result of this test is a detailed report that network managers can use to identify all vulnerabilities in the security system and implement measures to prevent any future attacks.

For further information about VAPT, we recommend getting in touch with one of the security consulting firms in KSA.

4. Analyze the existing controls

Analyze the existing control measures implemented within the security infrastructure, and test their effectiveness against detecting, preventing, and mitigating cyber threats. Also, ensure that all data is easily recoverable following a potential breach by creating regular backups.

Control systems are of two major types:

  • Technical
  • Non-technical

Technical systems encompass all software, hardware, intrusion detection mechanisms, and encryption that are implemented directly on the networks.

Non-technical controls will include administrative actions, security policies, and physical and environmental mechanisms.

5. Assess the impact of a potential attack

Using the data generated from the first three steps, determine the impact a potential risk could have on the organization’s assets and security. Classify the impact as:

  • High – If the result of a breach would be substantial, including the possibility of complete shutdown
  • Medium – If the damage from a breach would be noticeable but recoverable
  • Low – If the impact would be practically non-existent

6. Determine the likelihood of an incident

Next, you need to figure out the likelihood of a security incident occurring while keeping in mind the system’s vulnerabilities and the effectiveness of your existing control measures.

Most organizations categorize the likelihood using a basic High, Medium, Low ranking.

7. Calculate the risk to each asset

The risk rating is calculated using a simple formula:

To keep things simple, the likelihood categories are given the following numerical values:

High – 1.0
Medium – 0.5
Low – 0.1

While the impact values are rated as:

High – 100
Medium – 50
Low – 10

Using both sets of values, the final risk rating can be determined and assessed. The NIST Special Publication 800-30 has a published table which shows what a completed risk rating analysis should look like:

Identified Threat




Risk Calculation

Unauthorized Access (Malicious or Accidental)

High [100]




Misuse of Information by Authorized Users

High [100]

Medium [.5]



Data Leakage / Unintentional Exposure of Customer Information

High [100]

Medium [.5]



Failed Processes

High [100]

Low [.1]


Low (Normal)

Loss of Data

High [100]

Low [.1]


Low (Normal)

Disruption of Service or Productivity

High [100]

Low [.1]


Low (Normal)

8.     Recommend future control measures

Finally, a report is prepared with all the control measures that must be implemented to secure the organization against future attacks that would be rated as ‘sever’ or ‘elevated’.

As work begins on mitigating risks, make sure you keep each of the following in mind:

  • Organizational policies
  • Cost-benefit analysis
  • Operational impact
  • Feasibility
  • Applicable regulations
  • The overall effectiveness of the recommended controls
  • Safety and reliability

8 Steps to Proper Cyber Security

Cyber security is the need of the present era. The vulnerable cyber-attacks are increasing day by day. The hackers and many other threats together are becoming a big concern for the organizations since they can be the reason behind sudden penalization. Added to that, the penalization can be as rapid as the company could lose all its dignity in a single day. That’s why every firm needs an excellent and tremendous approach towards its network security to keep the vulnerable attacks away.

Now we are going to discuss 8 steps to the cyber security of a network. These steps could certainly keep the threatening vulnerabilities away from your network to keep you secured from the attacks. In this particular regard, you can also look forward to Security Consulting Dubai based firms.

User Education and Awareness

The main reason behind most of the cyber attacks is the unawareness of employees. That makes them the biggest threat for an organization. That’s why user education and awareness is really important.

Security Consulting Dubai

Secure Configurations

The configuration of the systems with the network is supposed to be done securely so no suspicious threat could sneak either into the system or network.

Removable Media Controls

Stop the use of removable media devices, such as USBs. Make a policy to restrict the users from using such media controls because they are the biggest reason behind most attacks.

Managing User Privileges

The privileges for employees should be controlled by higher authorities. The privileges shall vary for each and every employee according to his designation and work to avoid data compromises.

Incident Management

In case if there is a suspicious activity going around, there must be an incident management mechanism to overcome the issues in abetter way to avoid huge problems.

Malware Protection

Proper software systems and tools shall be installed to control the attack of malware. They must be prevented from infecting your network because their side effects could be devastating.

Network Security

One cannot neglect network security since it is important to prevent the attacks of hackers, viruses and malware via internet. Antiviruses and firewalls could be helpful in this particular regards.


Monitoring of all the activities taking place within a network could be a vital thing to prevent the cyber-attacks.Ensure that your network has a proper monitoring system to overcome cyber crimes.

Security Consulting, Why It's Required


The internet is loaded with thousands of case studies that can be used as a lesson. Security has been one of the core issues since day one. Businesses that are operating online are always at risk. Hackers and attackers are committed than ever before. They always try to stay on top of the technological advancements.

Why are they doing this?

The idea is to come up with security threats that are lethal. They aim to breach into the unauthorised domains of businesses and manipulate the information. Gone are the days when clients' awareness levels were inferior. Today, they will only transact with an online company when they are sure about its security standards.

Security Consulting, Why It

In-House SOCs Vs. Outsourced – Which Should You Go For

Businesses of all shapes and sizes are moving their networks to the cloud at an increasingly fast rate!

Cloud computing has officially taken off, and with good reason! The benefit of being able to access your network files from anywhere in the world and the promise of potentially unlimited amounts of storage have opened up a world of new possibilities for organization everywhere.

The new technology, however, has brought its own set of challenges and risks to the IT industry.

In-House SOCs Vs Outsourced – Which Should You Go For | Managed SOC

The threat of cyber-attacks is more prevalent than it has ever been, and IT security teams need to be on top of their game if they want to keep out this modern generation of hackers. At the same time, organizations are cash-strapped, and most can’t afford to train and keep experienced in-house security staff.

In-house Vs. Outsourced

Modern day companies in the UAE are faced with a simple question: Does it make sense anymore to manage our security in-house, or should we opt for a managed SOC solution?

If your company is facing a similar situation, here are the factors you need to consider in this debate.

Building your own team:

In-house operation centers ultimately suit organizations who value the confidentiality and integrity of their data over the increased expenses.


  • The biggest benefit is that you ultimately have complete control over all of your sensitive data.
  • This minimizes the risk of the loss of critical data that a business may be particular about, like trade secrets or new innovations.
  • The solutions being used can be modified to suit your company’s needs.
  • Certain industries like nuclear or space exploration have regulations in place that make having an in-house team far more desirable.


  • The cost of hiring, training, and retaining specialist staff continues to increase as skill shortages in the industry grow. It is already a more expensive solution than outsourcing.
  • It can take anywhere from 18 to 24 months to hire and set up a new team. Time is a luxury new businesses can’t afford.
  • Most in-house teams won’t have the capacity or the required expertise to identify and respond to threats in real time.


Outsourced security solutions are far more cost-effective and stable for small and medium sized businesses.


  • There’s no time delay. Businesses that decide to outsource instantly get the full services of an experienced, professional team of experts.
  • There’s no 9 A.M – 5 P.M with managed SOCs. Your networks are monitored around the clock, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
  • You’ll only have to pay the monthly costs which the MSSP charges. There are no additional costs of setting up and training a team.
  •  The identification of and response to threats is instant. 3rd party service providers have access to technologies and techniques which an in-house team might not even be aware off.


  • Outsourcing creates a dependency on an outside party to manage your security, which can’t be carried out effectively without proper communication.
  • An MSSP might employ solutions or services that are great for the general industry, but don’t suit your specific needs.
  • You lose control over the ability to manage confidential and sensitive information.

Choosing what’s right for you!

When making your decision, ask yourself the following question:

  • What is my current approach, and how efficiently is it working out?
  • Do I have the budget to hire and retain an in-house team full time?
  • How confidential is the data?

You’ll also want to consider the physical safety of your offices. A managed SOC allows you to monitor both virtual and physical networks at the same time, thanks to the advances in ELV systems like CCTV cameras and motion sensors etc.

If you decide to go for an in-house solution, get in touch with an ELV design consultant Qatar based firm, and discuss the best way to ensure your offices are safe from theft and vandalism. 

Find The Right IT Security Consultant For Your Business

As a small business owner, it’s about time you took notice of the threat posed by cyber criminals, alongside your concerns for the business’ physical security.

According to a study, more than 31% of all cyber-attacks were targeted at organizations with 250 employees or fewer, a number that had risen almost three times over the course of the previous year. 

Today, the cost of an information breach can reach millions of dollars. Those are figures that small business simply can’t afford.

So, what can you do to ensure your company’s data is kept safe from prying eyes?

Find The Right IT Security Consultants For Your Business | Security Consulting

All businesses need to take IT security seriously, but very few can actually afford to keep in-house teams that are up to date with the latest in security services. You could ask your IT guy to be more proactive, but he’ll likely have limited knowledge on the subject.

Instead, we’d recommend you outsource your network’s defenses to a security consulting firm. These consultants are experts at stopping cyber-attacks, and help take off a lot of the load from your shoulders.

Here’s what you should look for when hiring an IT consultant:

Their relevant experience

Don’t just look at their resume, ask them when they’ve done for other clients and how their actions helped mitigate the risks of cyber threats.

Listen to their experiences and pay close attention the kind of things they highlight as important. Not all of these consultants will the required skill set to protect your company’s assets, and many will end up talking about algorithms and numbers that don’t concern you.

Another thing you can do is talk to their clients and get a firsthand account of the kinds of improvements you can expect in your own network.

Identifying threats specific to your business

Instead of applying a one-size fits all kind of solution to your security concerns; the IT consultant should be able to identify risks that are specific to your business model.

If you’re dealing with a company or individual who knows their stuff, they’ll ask you themselves if you’ve ever had risk assessment test performed. These tests are designed to identify certain cracks or holes in the network which an attacker could exploit to gain access to sensitive information.

 Ensuring good open communication

Ask the consultant how much of their work they’re going to be sharing with you. IT firms have a habit of doing their work in secrecy, and this is the last thing you want when outsourcing the security of your company to a stranger.

Make sure the firm you are hiring explains their work to you, including the processes and policies they will be implementing. It’s also vital that they inform you anytime a security breach does occur, so that the plan of action may be clear to all parties involved.

How the physical security is managed on the side?

Using managed SOC (security operations center), the ELV systems installed in the building can be monitored alongside the virtual ones. These include the CCTV cameras, alarms, etc.

Contact your local ELV design consultant, and have them integrate all of your ELV devices into one large network, that you can then monitor from the comfort of your office.

Remember: It’s always better to spend a little extra and ensure your business’ data is secure, than to incur the losses later from an unforeseen security breach.

SIEM Benefits For Enterprise Owners

Business owners implement Security Information and Event Management systems for collecting security log events from different hosts. The log events are stored in a central storage, simplify the analysis and reporting process of security events. The main purpose of implementing this security solution is to detect and prevent security attacks from compromising confidential data.

Security Information and Event Management (SIEM) products are not new to the world. The initial products were the best option for larger organizations, having plenty of security analysts. However, these products are now available that can fulfill security needs of every organization. Small and medium-sized corporations can also use SIEM as a service to prevent their data.

SIEM Benefits For Enterprise Owners | Information Security

To compare with the one a few years earlier, the existing architecture of Security Information and Event Management is simpler. It just includes a software application setup on a local server together with a local hardware both connected with a public cloud-based service. Despite its architecture, the solution is used by different organizations for different purposes, including:

Streamline Compliance Reporting:

Every single host continuously transfers the collected log data to the centralized server. The server is responsible for receiving log data from each of the connected hosts.  After collecting the data, it generates a single report to address the listed security events among them.

Unless a proper Security Information and Event Management system is implemented, manual data retrieving must be performed to keep track of every single event. This is difficult to generate a single report from the logs collected from different operating systems and applications.

Incidence Detection That Can’t Be Detected Otherwise:

An SIEM solution is implemented for the purpose to detect malicious activities throughout the network. Alone, every single host only observes and produces audit log records for events. However, they are able to alert security personals as soon a particular type of event occurs.

To fully focus on information security of the organization, SIEM solution collects every event from every single host across the enterprise. It then observes different parts of the event on every host and rebuilds a sequence of events for deciding about its nature and effectiveness.

Efficient Incident Handling Activities:

One of the most popular benefits of SIEM solution is that it enhances the efficiency of handling a particular event or activity. This, in turn, saves both the time and resources on security individuals who are employed for handling every single activity.

As much an incident is handled efficiently, the incident control will be improved. This, in turn, will reduce the overall impact of the incident. This is because SIEM provide every single log data from multiple hosts just on a single interface.

Managed Security Enables Ability To Address Network Vulnerability

Understanding network security:

How much is enough to spend on tools related to network security? Let us address this question from diverse perspectives. The big firms are confronted with constant danger of network breach. The small and medium sized firms incorporate security tools but within a limited budget.

The news we get about breach has no distinction. The security of big firms gets compromised as well as small too. How can you make a difference in relation to the quality of the security measures?  Honestly there are no assurances. But the team deployed to look after security matters can make the difference. Inefficiency comes at a cost rarely addressed.

Managed Security Enables Ability To Address Network Vulnerability | Security Operation Centre UK

The capacity building for network security addressed by security operation centre UK incorporate the features that identify the report any incident within a dedicated mechanism.

What coping mechanism must be implemented?

It all depends on the nature of the security lapses that occur frequently. The capability of each security tool is unique. The management of the execution also requisite specialized skill; the rationale to adopt specific framework must be highly compatible.

Third party sources can be positioned to supervise the network security. Is this the right option? For the sake of security this trend is in demand. However competent service providers with proven performance must be chosen.

The customized security outcome provided by managed security services KSA summarize the flaws and the action plan to implement the plan comprehensively.

Security measures must be aggressive:

Infiltrators have become hostile. Their choices of breach have been provided by the IoT. You need to show understanding in adopting the security features. Every business has an online presence. The domain is huge for the hackers. The protection of data is undoubtedly the foremost endeavor for any business.

Like every other network the access points are multiple. Each point has its individual significance. There are different features of network activity. Each is compounded by a different challenge. Do you attend to it with concentration?

Mismanagement is simply not acceptable:

The cost related to network security is massive. How patterns of control must be deployed is important. Real time evaluation of threats is no seamless. The response time in dealing with different threats at the same time is also a challenge.

The monitoring of each activity and reporting it is also a specialist task. The dedicated approach to undertake security measures can bring about positive outcomes. 

6 Tips For Better Information Security Program

The enhanced security program is the early requirements for businesses that are focusing on confidential data of customers. As cyber-crimes are extremely common these days, so entrepreneurs need an optimum solution for avoiding these malicious activities. Such a protection is helpful both for company reputations and data protection.

Hacking attacks are targeting businesses, regardless of their size and speciality. Although well-known security options such as information security Dubai is the most secure solution for recognized companies, they can still work better for smaller ones. The purpose of using these solutions is to stay aware of the threats that can possibly damage the data.

Information Security Dubai

Implementing a strong security solution is often difficult for early established companies having a tight budget. However, they must adopt a few options when implementing security solutions. This way, they can make do with the required solution efficiently by reducing the risks they can possibly face.

Know Your Data:

Although maintaining the confidential data of customers is not a one-time effort, so it must be categorized in a well-organized form. A better approach is to maintain an inventory of the data you mainly operate. The inventory must hold information regarding data location and details of authorized users who can access and use the data.

Knowledge Of Hardware And Software:

A thorough understanding of both the software and hardware is helpful for better security. With the help of a spread sheet, one can effortlessly manage the data to be manipulated both by hardware and software. Do not allow users for software installation themselves. Using a standard policy is helpful for optimal productivity and cost-effective operations.

Understand The Authorized People Who Can Gain Access:

Recruitment and termination of employees are associated with the on-going operations of a company. Both on and off-site employees have access to data that need to be administered efficiently. Accounts creation and termination need must be performed in a timely manner. The accounts that can access by a worker must be disabled before his termination.

Entire Hard Drive Encryption:

The data is normally operated through and stored within laptops. Encryption of their entire hard drives is crucial for enhanced protection. Overall encryption is a recommendation from reputable service providers specific to information security programs such as cyber security UK. This is helpful for avoiding the need to keep track of individual user who might copy sensitive data.

Hire A Chief Information Security Officer:

Despite the fact that employing a dedicated chief information security officer (CISO) is costly, however, they are experienced enough in promoting optimal security programs. An extremely knowledgeable and experienced CISO is required for shaping the required program for information security.

Get An Information Security Policy:

An information security policy is what that can assemble your efforts towards an improved security. The policy must match the required standards, the regulations of your specific industry along with your plans and requirements. It must also be updated once in a year accordingly. Additionally, the policy must be understood to the workforce to help them know what the security foundation is.

Extra Low Voltage Design For Unshakable Security!


With threats like terrorism, vandalism, hacking and malicious attacks, the demand for robust, stunning and lasting security solutions that are up-to-date are rising all the time. Despite the fact that technology is getting better and advanced, one simply cannot operate with closed eyes, especially when one is running a business that is reliant heavily on interconnect network systems.

ELV Design Consultant Oman

When operating in emerging markets like Oman and Qatar, one as an entrepreneur would need to ensure that one gets a professional backup in the form of an ELV design consultant Oman based solution provider. Service providers who can offer one with 24/7 availability assurance, elite and up to date with latest technology tools and solutions for improved and prompt responses in unlikely events where one’s business security might be at risk.

Associated benefits:

  • 24/7 monitoring and surveillance
  • Efficiency
  • Zero percent interference problems
  • Unified cabling and pathways
  • Lower in costs when it comes to expendability
  • Troubleshooting and management is easy
  • Remote management is possible
  • Softwares can be upgraded as and when required
  • Various different systems can be integrated.

Security Consulting Qatar:

With mega event like FIFA 2022 just a couple of years away, the responsibility and heat seem to be showing its intensity in the dynamic markets of Qatar. International relations are already shaky and this has applied further pressure on the concerned authorities because it will be them to ensure that things are under control and that all the unenthusiastic and unethical practices and attacks can be shoved away during this crunch time.

Security Consulting Qatar

Government officials and private sector reps are all looking for and counting on professional consultancy service providers in the said domain. The idea is to stay on top of any unwanted event or threat that may spoil the situation. Robust and stunning solutions in the form of monitoring and surveillance both for sensitive venues physically and monitory online data are being considered and applied.

Final words!

Experts believe that such threats are here to stay; in fact they will improve as the technology improves. There is no such thing like one time solution, security agencies and professionals therefore are constantly working on their skills and security solutions in the form of CCTV cameras, testing technologies and managed security services in order to ensure that such threats are capped always in a stronger and lasting passion.

Benefits Of Firewall Management

A firewall is a network security system for safety improvement. It is designed for the purpose to avoid access of an unauthorized user to a network. For enhanced protection from public internet, the firewall needs to be managed properly so that the required safety can be acquired.

For an effective management, one must focus on improved visibility, applicable intelligence, concurrence reporting along with effective occurrence controlling. A well-organized firewall management is to make the allowed resources operate on a pre-defined way to report incidents and take actions.

Firewall Management

Key Benefits of Managing Firewall:

When employing a reputable service provider having outsourced facility of managing firewalls, an organization can get the following benefits.

  • All of the services will be maintained at advance level for better security.
  • The organization will have improved capabilities of analysing their log files.
  • The firewall will be monitored continuously and there will be a thorough inspection on health check and alerting.
  • All of the occurrences will be managed to ensure protection and fault will be resolved instantly.
  • All of the configuration changes will be handled on time.
  • The organization will be reported on a daily basis along with audit reports and obedience of specifications.

With proper management, organizations ensure that access to their confidential data is protected. They also ensure that neither an internal nor external user can connect to their data centre. Additionally, all of the critical updates are set up for additional protection and instant alert availability.

If organizations need advancement in their firewall technologies, the required service provider can help them in the migration process as well. When the management of an existing firewall does not stay sufficient, firewall migration is the only solution to be carried out.

For an effective migration, the required service provider must follow the following steps.

Creating Influential Firewall and Security Visibility Chart:

Before initiating migration, there must be a well-organized plan for organizational existing and future needs. It is also helpful to document individual aspect of the firewall. Creating graphical but dynamic charts of the architecture and traffic of firewall is the best approach to properly manage the technical data connectivity.

Recognize, Formulate and Documenting Policy Migration:

Based on the live nature of existing data centres, more than a single security vendor can live together under a single roof. To plan for policy migration around varied platforms, it is important to document all of the security rules and facilities along with network procedures for individual endpoints of the firewall.

Analyse Corporate Influence and Create A Migration Path:

The required migration will have an influence business-wide, however, it must be ensured that the influence is minimal. It is suggested to recognize that interaction of business model with firewall and security tools. Additionally, it must be ensured that in case of forgetting a single piece of business, the expected headache must be minimal.

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